Chapter 9

The Organization and the Role of the Individual

Types of Structures

Centralized versus Decentralized Organizations Productive Thinking

Theory X and Theory Y, Again

Theory Z

MBO: Management By Objective

Participatory Management

Innovative Nonmanagement

A Closer Look at Innovative Management Styles

Productive Thinking

Human Orientation of Work

Organizational Power and Politics The Role of Empowerment, Involvement, and Commitment

Productive Thinking


Highlighted company names in the index are linked to the corporation's homepage. For additional, current information about the company, check their site. The number to the right of the company is the page number in the text where the company is discussed. Other resources include Hoover's database and Web search engines.

Go to the Index of Companies in Chapter 9

Prepared by Mark Garrison, January, 1998